Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (Graston) is a technique that enables a clinician to effectively detect and treat scar tissue, as well as fascial restrictions that interfere with normal function.
How does Graston technique work?
Microscopic evaluation of connective tissue shows that collagen fibres of normal ligaments and tendons are oriented in a parallel manner. When ligaments and tendons are injured, fibroblasts secrete polarized collagen molecules that orient themselves in a haphazard manner. Overtime this build-up of haphazard collagen molecules can form scar tissue resulting in decreased range of motion and an increase in pain. Instrument assisted soft tissue therapy is an effective means of re-arranging scar tissue allowing the patient to performing at their optimal level.
What injuries does Graston technique treat:
- Detect and break down collagen cross-links
- Stretch connective tissue and muscle fibers
- Increase the temperature of the skin
- Assists in reflex changes in chronic muscle holding patterns
- Increase blood flow rate and volume to and from a desired treatment area
- Increase the cellular activity fibroblasts and mast cells
- Increase the histamine response in response to mast cell activity
Adapted from Graston